What types of tides are there and why do they occur?

The types of tide that exist can be classified according to two main aspects: their height and the phase of the Moon.

Taking care of both, let’s see what marine phenomena we find:

  • High tide. This is the high tide, which occurs at the moment when the sea water reaches its highest point in the cycle. This occurs when the area of ​​the earth in question is facing the Moon, with the satellite exerting a gravitational force that causes the water to “separate” as much as possible from the center of the planet, resulting in a higher level; It is not that there is more water, it is that it is displaced upwards by the lunar gravitational effect.
  • Low tide. By cons we have the low tide, which is only the moment when it is at a lower height than the center of the earth. It will always occur at the opposite point where the high tide is, so that on one side the water “stretches”, on the other it will “shrink”.

Regarding this classification, it is necessary to indicate that we will see , on each lunar day (24 h, 50m, 28s), two high tides and two low tides , corresponding to the effects that the Moon has on water.

  • Syzygy. The living tide occurs when the moon is full and also when we do not see it. This is because our satellite and our star align, adding up the effects they have on the planet and, therefore, on our waters.
  • Quadrature . The dead tide occurs in the quarter phases (waning and rising). In these cases the effects of both celestial bodies are subtracted, resulting in low coefficient and low amplitude tides.

Although there are as many opinions as fishermen, the truth is that, at an argument level, the high tide is more suitable for going fishing , since the fish, in general, goes out to feed more in a combinatorial moment of departure or setting of the satellite and when this is new or full. It is also logical to think that the more we move away from the surface during these moments, the more successful we will be. Near land you will also find many specimens, as they come to eat.

If you want to fish on the coast or, in fact, make shore catches , you can, perfectly, do it at low tide, because we will lose depth and the animals will be more exposed and disoriented. We recommend you try hole fishing.

How does the Moon affect the tides? Does it influence fishing?

We have already seen that both in relation to the height of the tides and their liveliness the Moon is entirely responsible due to its gravitational influence .

When the Sun enters the game, in addition to considering the centimeters that the water rises or falls , another factor is also modified: the movement of the waters.

The live tide, given, as we have explained, by the alignment of the Sun and the Moon , drags, by the waves, the fish that has come to eat on the shore, being the ideal time to practice surfcasting . Add the sunset and sunrise times and the successful results will multiply.

It must be considered, however, that the greater the movement in the water, the greater the need for more robust and resistant equipment , in addition to more stressed parts.

Special mention deserves the phenomenon known as high tide stoa , which are the minutes after the tide stops being considered rising and becomes decreasing. Here we find fish near a rapidly emptying coast, leaving them exposed.

Of course, all of the above is somewhat theoretical. These situations occur, of course, but many other factors also come into play that make, for example, a moment that seems idyllic for fishing a fiasco or that another moment when we had no hope turns out to be a surprise as soon as to catches.

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